- Choose a well-drained field and apply a herbicide to eliminate all weeds (including grasses).
- Cultivate to achieve a fine, even seedbed with no compaction layers.
- Choose high-quality, certified seed. Certified alfalfa varieties promote a better germination rate and establishment, better dry matter production, and better pest and disease resistance.
- Dry soils. Avoid sowing alfalfa seed into dry soils. Sow early in dry areas to ensure seedlings have adequate moisture for successful establishment.
- Plant alfalfa no deeper than 2 cm. The optimal soil depth is 6 - 12 mm on clay and loam soils and 12 – 20 mm on sands.
- Sow at 20 - 30 kg/ha.
To know deeper when to sow alfalfa (sowing date) and depth, download our calendar guide: click here.